Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as apeppercorn. Black pepper is native to south India and is extensively cultivated there and elsewhere in tropical regions.

  • Botanical Name  : Piper Nigrum
  • Family  :  Piperaceae
  • Commercial Part  :  Fruit


Black pepper and white pepper are made from the Piper nigrum plant. Black pepper is ground from dried, whole unripe fruit. White pepper is ground from dried, ripe fruit that has had the outer layer removed. The black pepper and white pepper powder are used to make medicine.